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Nature Conservation
European Bison (Bison bonasus)
Catalogue Number:  97
Stamp Design:  Vladimír Machaj
Stamp Engraving:  Martin Činovský
Date of Issue:  July 16, 1996
Printing:  Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague, Czech Republic
Print Technology:  Rotary-recess printing combined with recess printing
Print Run:  5,865,000
FDC Design:  Vladimír Machaj
FDC Engraving:  Martin Činovský
Cancellation Design:  Vladimír Machaj
FDC Printing:  Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague, Czech Republic
FDC Print Technology:  Recess printing from flat plates
FDC Print Run:  10,000

The European bison (Bison bonasus), the largest of the continent's land mammals, died out in the late Middle Ages. Slovakia retains no exact data on its extinction in the 15th century, and only toponyms such as Zuberec, Zubrohlava and Zubrá indicate its original distribution, zubor being the Slovak name for the animal. It survived into the twentieth century in the wild only in Poland and Caucasia. As its world population has reached somewhat over 2,000, it is listed in the IUCN Red Book as a protected species. The preservation of the bison is Europe's greatest achievement in animal protection. Its reintroduction into Slovakia came about in 1957 with the establishment of a breeding station on 27 hectares of land near Topoµčianky, intended for twelve animals, but now accommodating annually between twenty and twenty-five. So far the station has reared more than seventy bison, which have been used in zoos and for research and educational purposes. They are strictly protected. Consideration is being given to releasing bison into the wild in the area of the Starina dam in East Slovakia.

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Year 1996
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