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Technical Monuments
150 Years of the Railways in Slovakia - Steam Locomotive

Catalogue Number:  154
Stamp Design:  Dušan Grečner
Stamp Engraving:  Martin Srb
Date of Issue:  August 20, 1998
Printing:  Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague
Print Technology:  Rotary-recess printing combined with recess printing
Print Run:  2,945,000
FDC Design:  Dušan Grečner
FDC Engraving:  Martin Srb
Cancellation Design:  Dušan Grečner
FDC Printing:  Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague
FDC Print technology:  Recess printing from flat plates
FDC Print Run:  10,000

On August 20th, 1848 the steam locomotive "Bihar" pulled the first train from Ganserndorf to Bratislava and thus initiated railway operation in Slovakia.

The first viable steam locomotive, "Locomotion", was built by the Englishman George Stephenson in 1814. It was an invention that was to undergo numerous modifications and to have a marked influence on the progress of mankind. In Slovakia steam locomotives were in use for 132 years, the final run being made by locomotive 556.036 on the Bratislava-Leopoldov section on October 17th, 1980. Slovakia's steam locomotives are now in the care of history and documentation centre of Slovak Railways.

The steam locomotive depicted - 310.433 - was built in 11896 in Budapes and until 1970 was in service at the Pohronsky Ruskov sugar refinery. Between 1979 and 1981 it was restored at the Svermove zeleziarne yards in Podbrezova with the help of enthusiasts. The locomotive is typical of a kind employed in track -laying in Slovakia at the beginning of the century. It weighed 29 tons, was 8,105 mm from buffer to buffer, and had water and coal capacities of 4.3m3 and 1.5 m3 respectively. Designated speed was 45 km/h and power system 120 kW.

The FDC depicts a water-supply system used for supplying staem locomotives.

Content 1993-2000
Year 1998
Copyright ©2000 askom