back 2001/239 forward
Great Moravian Rulers
Catalogue Number:  239
Stamp Design:  Jozef Baláž
Stamp Engraving:  Rudolf Cigánik
Date of Issue:  July 4, 2001
Printing:  Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague, Czech Republic
Print Technology:  Recess printing from flat plates combined with offset
Size of Impression:  40.0 mm x 23.0 mm
Print Run:  107,000
FDC Motif:  Jozef Baláž
FDC Engraving:  Rudolf Cigánik
Cancellation Design:  Jozef Baláž
FDC Printing:  Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague, Czech Republic
FDC Print Technology:  Recess printing from flat plates
FDC Print Run:  6,000

The Great Moravian Rulers - a set of four stamps, placed on the lower part of a presentation sheet. They picture portraits of important Great Moravian rulers (from the beginning of 9th century) - Pribina, Rastislav, Koceľ, Svätopluk. These Great Moravian rulers were from the Mojmír's dynasty and they founded the original west-Slavic state, extended the territorial boundaries, and cultural expansion. They are pictured with the Great Moravian map at its greatest times. The map was designed based on the findings of the academician Ján Dekan, who has also included a shield, depicting a falconer, which is a reproduction of an archeological find.

Svätopluk (around 840-894) - was the Great Moravian Prince from 871-894. He was the most significant ruler of Great Moravia. He was a nephew of Great Moravian King Rastislav, he extradited his uncle to the Franks in 870, after the revolt of the Moravians, he took the throne. Svätopluk had a merit in a libertation of the archbishop Method, who was interned by the Franks and he made a peace with Ľudovít Nemec in 874. He strengthened domestic and foreign position of the state, he became an independent ruler of Great Moravia. To the original Slovak-Moravia Principality he annexed Czechia, Lužica, Sliezsko, Principality of Krakov, regions on the East of Tisa river, as far as Carpathian Mountains are located, a whole territory of today's Hungary, and a part of the Eastern Austria. Under his rule Great Moravia state had the biggest territory and the greatest power. Svätopluk had rich diplomatic connections and he corresponded with the Popes. ln 880, Popes' agreement Industriae tuae declared Old Slavic as a language of Liturgy. A testimony about Svätopluk and an old legend about his wickers was written down by the Byzantine emperor Konštantín Porfyrogenet. Svätopluk's sons are up to now a metaphor for a non-unanimity, that caused the end of the Great Moravia.

FDC: Svätopluk, reference to the correspondence with the Popes, that Svätopluk is a spiritual son of St. Peter - Unicus Filius, sword, stirrup, and spurs from a magnate court in Ducové.

Cancellation: Golden earring with glazed pendants, 8th century, Holiare.

Contents 1993-2001
Year 2001
Copyright ©2001 askom