Construction and operation of the Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros Waterworks were approved in an international Treaty between the Hungarian People’s Republic and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic concerning the Construction and Operation of the Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros System of Locks on 16 September 1977 (hereinafter referred to as “the Treaty”. The Republic of Hungary abandoned work on Nagymaros in 1989 and terminated the Treaty covering the part of Gabčíkovo that had been assigned to Hungary in 1992.
On 25 September 1997, the International Court of Justice in The Hague found the Treaty to be valid and stated that the Treaty consequently covers mutual relations between both parties in the construction and operation of the Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros System of Locks as a lex specialis and the situation, as it has evolved since 1989, is to be brought into the context of a preserved contractual relationship so as to achieve the objectives of the Treaty as far as possible.
The Government Representative for Construction and Operation of the Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros System of Locks was established on the basis of Article 3 of the Treaty.
The Slovak Government Representative is governed by basic intergovernmental documents and applicable statutes covering the Representative, relevant resolutions of the Slovak Government and agreements reached at the level of the delegations from the governments of the Slovak Republic and Hungary negotiating on the means for implementing the judgment of the International Court of Justice in 1997.
The main mission of the Slovak Government Representative is to reach an agreement with Hungary on the means for attaining the objectives of the Treaty within the meaning of the 1997 judgment and in the interests of the Slovak Government.