The Safety Commission is established by members of the Permanent Commission for Civil Aviation Investigation. In maritime transport, the authority appoints investigators and establishes the Safety Commission comprising members from the Permanent Commission for Investigations.  Accordingly, it covers the activities of the Permanent Commission for Civil Aviation Investigation, investigates maritime transport incidents and both coordinates and manages investigations of civil aviation incidents.

The Aviation and Maritime Investigation Authority is also involved in drafting the final civil aviation occurrence investigation report and archives reports and documents of civil aviation occurrences. It represents the Slovak Republic in investigations of civil aviation occurrences with other countries, and international organisations such as the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC) and in relevant European Union organisations such as the European Network of Civil Aviation Safety Investigation Authorities (ENCASIA) and European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). Likewise, it fulfils national rights and obligations regarding registration, location of events, operator, manufacture, design and determination of the cause of specific aviation occurrences occurring in the Slovak Republic and responsibility for them as defined in Annex 13 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation.

The Aviation and Maritime Investigation Authority coordinates the establishment of aviation accident and incident investigation system, and collects and documents civil aviation occurrence reporting. Its role is to manage the national aviation accident and incident database using the ECCAIRS software created by the European Commission. Finally, it is involved in exchanging and analysing information and drawing conclusions, including determining the cause of contributing factors and, where necessary, developing safety recommendations.